SKIP_SP1
Skip record - sect P

ValueLabelFrequency
1SKIP1644
2NO SKIP4681
Range of valid values: 1 - 2
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
632578312
Notes:Rs were instructed to skip section P if they did not currently have a spouse or partner.


A1SP1
Rate marriage/close relatn now

Pre-question:If you are married, or living with a partner in a marriage-like relationship, please answer the questions in this section. If you do not currently have a spouse or partner, please go to Section Q.
Question:Using a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means "the worst possible marriage or close relationship" and 10 means "the best possible marriage or close relationship," how would you rate your marriage or close relationship these days?

ValueLabelFrequency
0WORST34
10BEST1329
97DONT KNOW 0
98REFUSED/MISSING23
99INAPP1644
Range of valid values: 0 - 10
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
13635745010
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1.


A1SP2
Rate marr/close relatn 10 yrs ago

Question:Looking back ten years ago, how would you rate your marital or close relationship situation at that time using the same 0 to 10 scale?

ValueLabelFrequency
0WORST159
10BEST913
97DONT KNOW 0
98REFUSED/MISSING247
99INAPP1644
Range of valid values: 0 - 10
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
10726036010
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1.


A1SP3
Rate marr/close relatn 10 yrs ahead

Question:Looking ahead ten years into the future, what do you expect your marriage or close relationship will be like at that time?

ValueLabelFrequency
0WORST47
10BEST1941
97DONT KNOW 0
98REFUSED/MISSING42
99INAPP1644
Range of valid values: 0 - 10
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
19885120010
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1.


A1SP4
Control over marr/close relatn

Question:Using a 0 to 10 scale where 0 means "no control at all" and 10 means "very much control," how would you rate the amount of control you have over your marriage or close relationship these days?

ValueLabelFrequency
0NONE43
10VERY MUCH1174
97DONT KNOW 0
98REFUSED/MISSING21
99INAPP1644
Range of valid values: 0 - 10
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
12175891010
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1.


A1SP5
Thought/effort into marr/close relatn

Question:Using a 0 to 10 scale where 0 means "no thought or effort" and 10 means "very much thought and effort," how much thought and effort do you put into your marriage or close relationship these days?

ValueLabelFrequency
0NONE26
10VERY MUCH1397
97DONT KNOW 0
98REFUSED/MISSING21
99INAPP1644
Range of valid values: 0 - 10
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
14235685010
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1.


A1SP6
Describe relatn w/ S/P

Question:Would you describe your relationship as…EXCELLENT, VERY GOOD, GOOD, FAIR OR POOR?

ValueLabelFrequency
1EXCELLENT1581
2VERY GOOD1773
3GOOD825
4FAIR338
5POOR144
7DONT KNOW 0
8REFUSED/MISSING20
9INAPP1644
Range of valid values: 1 - 5
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
4661244715
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1.


A1SP7
Relatn w/ S/P in trouble

Question:During the past year, how often have you thought your relationship might be in trouble?

ValueLabelFrequency
1NEVER2490
2ONCE620
3A FEW TIMES1235
4MOST OF THE TIME234
5ALL OF THE TIME80
7DONT KNOW 0
8REFUSED/MISSING22
9INAPP1644
Range of valid values: 1 - 5
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
4659244915
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1.


A1SP8
Chance separate from S/P

Question:It is always difficult to predict what will happen in a relationship, but realistically, what do you think the chances are that you and your partner will eventually separate?

ValueLabelFrequency
1VERY LIKELY169
2SOMEWHAT LIKELY305
3NOT VERY LIKELY1338
4NOT LIKELY AT ALL2846
7DONT KNOW 0
8REFUSED/MISSING23
9INAPP1644
Range of valid values: 1 - 4
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
4658245014
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1.


A1SP9A
Disagr w/ S/P on money issue

Question:Couples often disagree about a lot of issues in life. How much do you and your spouse or partner disagree on the following issues - MONEY MATTERS, SUCH AS HOW MUCH TO SPEND, SAVE OR INVEST?

ValueLabelFrequency
1A LOT476
2SOME1181
3A LITTLE1697
4NOT AT ALL1309
7DONT KNOW 0
8REFUSED/MISSING18
9INAPP1644
Range of valid values: 1 - 4
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
4663244514
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1.


A1SP9B
Disagr w/ S/P on HH tasks

Question:Couples often disagree about a lot of issues in life. How much do you and your spouse or partner disagree on the following issues - HOUSEHOLD TASKS, SUCH AS WHAT NEEDS DOING AND WHO DOES IT?

ValueLabelFrequency
1A LOT358
2SOME1085
3A LITTLE1717
4NOT AT ALL1495
7DONT KNOW 0
8REFUSED/MISSING26
9INAPP1644
Range of valid values: 1 - 4
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
4655245314
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1.


A1SP9C
Disagr w/ S/P on leisure acts

Question:Couples often disagree about a lot of issues in life. How much do you and your spouse or partner disagree on the following issues - LEISURE TIME ACTIVITIES, SUCH AS WHAT TO DO AND WITH WHOM?

ValueLabelFrequency
1A LOT272
2SOME869
3A LITTLE1925
4NOT AT ALL1590
7DONT KNOW 0
8REFUSED/MISSING25
9INAPP1644
Range of valid values: 1 - 4
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
4656245214
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1.


A1SSPDIS
Spouse/Partner Disagreement

Summary:
ValidInvalidMeanStdDev
0710800


A1SMARRS
Marital risk

Range of valid values: 1 - 4
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMaxMeanStdDev
46712437141.9280.754


A1SP10
Talk about impt issue w/ S/P

Question:How often do you and your spouse or partner have a really good talk about something important to you?

ValueLabelFrequency
1AT LEAT ONCE A DAY807
2A FEW TIMES A WEEK1535
3ONCE A WEEK721
4A FEW TIMES A MONTH999
5LESS OFTEN THAN THAT584
7DONT KNOW 0
8REFUSED/MISSING35
9INAPP1644
Range of valid values: 1 - 5
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
4646246215
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1.


A1SP11
S/P cares about you

Question:Please circle the appropriate number for each item - HOW MUCH DOES YOUR SPOUSE OR PARTNER REALLY CARE ABOUT YOU?

ValueLabelFrequency
1A LOT3888
2SOME567
3A LITTLE161
4NOT AT ALL29
7DONT KNOW 0
8REFUSED/MISSING36
9INAPP1644
Range of valid values: 1 - 4
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
4645246314
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1.


A1SP12
S/P understands you

Question:Please circle the appropriate number for each item - HOW MUCH DOES HE OR SHE UNDERSTAND THE WAY YOU FEEL ABOUT THINGS?

ValueLabelFrequency
1A LOT2182
2SOME1806
3A LITTLE500
4NOT AT ALL155
7DONT KNOW 0
8REFUSED/MISSING38
9INAPP1644
Range of valid values: 1 - 4
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
4643246514
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1.


A1SP13
S/P appreciates you

Question:Please circle the appropriate number for each item - HOW MUCH DOES HE OR SHE APPRECIATE YOU?

ValueLabelFrequency
1A LOT2982
2SOME1220
3A LITTLE346
4NOT AT ALL89
7DONT KNOW 0
8REFUSED/MISSING44
9INAPP1644
Range of valid values: 1 - 4
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
4637247114
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1.


A1SP14
S/P can be relied on

Question:Please circle the appropriate number for each item - HOW MUCH CAN YOU RELY ON HIM OR HER FOR HELP IF YOU HAVE A SERIOUS PROBLEM?

ValueLabelFrequency
1A LOT3757
2SOME573
3A LITTLE238
4NOT AT ALL81
7DONT KNOW 0
8REFUSED/MISSING32
9INAPP1644
Range of valid values: 1 - 4
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
4649245914
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1.


A1SP15
S/P open to talk

Question:Please circle the appropriate number for each item - HOW MUCH CAN YOU OPEN UP TO HIM OR HER IF YOU NEED TO TALK ABOUT YOUR WORRIES?

ValueLabelFrequency
1A LOT2905
2SOME1175
3A LITTLE409
4NOT AT ALL151
7DONT KNOW 0
8REFUSED/MISSING41
9INAPP1644
Range of valid values: 1 - 4
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
4640246814
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1.


A1SP16
S/P can relax with

Question:Please circle the appropriate number for each item - HOW MUCH CAN YOU RELAX AND BE YOURSELF AROUND HIM OR HER?

ValueLabelFrequency
1A LOT3684
2SOME666
3A LITTLE216
4NOT AT ALL76
7DONT KNOW 0
8REFUSED/MISSING39
9INAPP1644
Range of valid values: 1 - 4
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
4642246614
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1.


A1SSPSOL
Spouse Affectual Solidarity

Summary:
ValidInvalidMeanStdDev
0710800


A1SSPEMP
S/P empathy to R

Range of valid values: 1 - 4
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMaxMeanStdDev
46542454143.6660.636


A1SP17
S/P makes many demands

Question:Please circle the appropriate number for each item - HOW OFTEN DOES YOUR SPOUSE OR PARTNER MAKE TOO MANY DEMANDS ON YOU?

ValueLabelFrequency
1OFTEN289
2SOMETIMES1475
3RARELY2312
4NEVER570
7DONT KNOW 0
8REFUSED/MISSING35
9INAPP1644
Range of valid values: 1 - 4
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
4646246214
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1.


A1SP18
S/P makes you feel tense

Question:Please circle the appropriate number for each item - HOW OFTEN DOES HE OR SHE MAKE YOU FEEL TENSE?

ValueLabelFrequency
1OFTEN325
2SOMETIMES1433
3RARELY2058
4NEVER831
7DONT KNOW 0
8REFUSED/MISSING34
9INAPP1644
Range of valid values: 1 - 4
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
4647246114
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1.


A1SP19
S/P argues w/ you

Question:Please circle the appropriate number for each item - HOW OFTEN DOES HE OR SHE ARGUE WITH YOU?

ValueLabelFrequency
1OFTEN366
2SOMETIMES1609
3RARELY2294
4NEVER377
7DONT KNOW 0
8REFUSED/MISSING35
9INAPP1644
Range of valid values: 1 - 4
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
4646246214
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1.


A1SP20
S/P criticizes you

Question:Please circle the appropriate number for each item - HOW OFTEN DOES HE OR SHE CRITICIZE YOU?

ValueLabelFrequency
1OFTEN319
2SOMETIMES1172
3RARELY2334
4NEVER818
7DONT KNOW 0
8REFUSED/MISSING38
9INAPP1644
Range of valid values: 1 - 4
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
4643246514
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1.


A1SP21
S/P lets you down

Question:Please circle the appropriate number for each item - HOW OFTEN DOES HE OR SHE LET YOU DOWN WHEN YOU ARE COUNTING ON HIM OR HER?

ValueLabelFrequency
1OFTEN187
2SOMETIMES681
3RARELY2051
4NEVER1721
7DONT KNOW 0
8REFUSED/MISSING41
9INAPP1644
Range of valid values: 1 - 4
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
4640246814
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1.


A1SP22
S/P gets on your nerves

Question:Please circle the appropriate number for each item - HOW OFTEN DOES HE OR SHE GET ON YOUR NERVES?

ValueLabelFrequency
1OFTEN273
2SOMETIMES1418
3RARELY2264
4NEVER684
7DONT KNOW 0
8REFUSED/MISSING42
9INAPP1644
Range of valid values: 1 - 4
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
4639246914
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1.


A1SSPCRI
S/P critical to R

Range of valid values: 1 - 4
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMaxMeanStdDev
46542454142.2230.654


A1SP23
Who does more HH chores

Question:Running a household involves a lot of chores (like cooking, shopping, laundry, cleaning, yard work, repairs, and paying bills), and couples vary in who does these things. Overall, do you do more of such chores, does your spouse or partner do more of them, or do you split them equally? If you have children, do not count childrearing tasks such as bathing them, taking them places, or helping them with their homework, but do include chores like doing their laundry, washing their dishes, or cooking for them.

ValueLabelFrequency
1A LOT MORE THAN SPOUSE963
2SOMEWHAT MORE THAN SPOUSE553
3A LITTLE MORE THAN SPOUSE445
4CHORES ARE SPLIT EQUALLY1017
5SPOUSE DOES A LITTLE MORE614
6SPOUSE DOES SOMEWHAT MORE512
7SPOUSE DOES A LOT MORE466
97DONT KNOW 0
98REFUSED/MISSING111
99INAPP1644
Range of valid values: 1 - 7
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
4570253817
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1.


A1SP24
Hrs you do HH chores

Question:In a typical week, about how many hours do you generally spend doing household chores?

Range of valid values: 0 - 120
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMaxMeanStdDev
45732535012013.56212.643
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1.


A1SP25
Hrs S/P does HH chores

Question:In a typical week, about how many hours does your spouse/partner spend doing household chores?

Range of valid values: 0 - 140
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMaxMeanStdDev
45602548014012.63812.836
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1.


A1SP26
How fair is HH chores to you

Question:How fair do you think this arrangement of household chores is to you?

ValueLabelFrequency
1VERY FAIR2293
2SOMEWHAT FAIR1433
3SOMEWHAT UNFAIR623
4VERY UNFAIR271
7DONT KNOW 0
8REFUSED/MISSING61
9INAPP1644
Range of valid values: 1 - 4
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
4620248814
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1.


A1SP27
How fair is HH chores to S/P

Question:How fair do you think this arrangement of household chores is to your spouse or partner?

ValueLabelFrequency
1VERY FAIR2263
2SOMEWHAT FAIR1501
3SOMEWHAT UNFAIR649
4VERY UNFAIR187
7DONT KNOW 0
8REFUSED/MISSING81
9INAPP1644
Range of valid values: 1 - 4
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
4600250814
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1.


A1SP28A
Mk decision w/ S/P as a term

Question:How much do you agree or disagree with the following statements - MY PARTNER AND I ARE A TEAM WHEN IT COME TO MAKING DECISIONS.

ValueLabelFrequency
1AGREE STRONGLY2194
2AGREE SOMEWHAT1615
3AGREE A LITTLE417
4DONT KNOW35
5DISAGREE A LITTLE126
6DISAGREE SOMEWHAT130
7DISAGREE STRONGLY116
8REFUSED/MISSING48
9INAPP1644
Range of valid values: 1 - 7
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
4633247517
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1.


A1SP28B
Talk w/ S/P mk thgs better

Question:How much do you agree or disagree with the following statements - THINGS TURN OUT BETTER WHEN I TALK THINGS OVER WITH MY PARTNER.

ValueLabelFrequency
1AGREE STRONGLY2481
2AGREE SOMEWHAT1384
3AGREE A LITTLE448
4DONT KNOW79
5DISAGREE A LITTLE90
6DISAGREE SOMEWHAT80
7DISAGREE STRONGLY69
8REFUSED/MISSING50
9INAPP1644
Range of valid values: 1 - 7
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
4631247717
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1.


A1SP28C
Talk w/ S/P bef mk plans

Question:How much do you agree or disagree with the following statements - I DON'T MAKE PLANS FOR THE FUTURE WITHOUT TALKING IT OVER WITH MY PARTNER.

ValueLabelFrequency
1AGREE STRONGLY2638
2AGREE SOMEWHAT1227
3AGREE A LITTLE382
4DONT KNOW44
5DISAGREE A LITTLE149
6DISAGREE SOMEWHAT111
7DISAGREE STRONGLY78
8REFUSED/MISSING52
9INAPP1644
Range of valid values: 1 - 7
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
4629247917
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1.


A1SP28D
Ask S/P for advice bef decision

Question:How much do you agree or disagree with the following statements - WHEN I HAVE TO MAKE DECISIONS ABOUT MEDICAL, FINANCIAL, OR FAMILY ISSUES, I ASK MY PARTNER FOR ADVICE.

ValueLabelFrequency
1AGREE STRONGLY2786
2AGREE SOMEWHAT1152
3AGREE A LITTLE410
4DONT KNOW32
5DISAGREE A LITTLE87
6DISAGREE SOMEWHAT79
7DISAGREE STRONGLY86
8REFUSED/MISSING49
9INAPP1644
Range of valid values: 1 - 7
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
4632247617
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1.


A1SSPDEC
Spouse/Partner Joint Decision Making

Summary:
ValidInvalidMeanStdDev
0710800


A1SP29
S/P overall phy health

Question:How would you describe your spouse's or partner's overall physical health at the present time?

ValueLabelFrequency
1EXCELLENT862
2VERY GOOD1759
3GOOD1353
4FAIR529
5POOR137
7DONT KNOW 0
8REFUSED/MISSING41
9INAPP1644
Range of valid values: 1 - 5
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
4640246815
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1.


A1SP30
S/P overall mentl health

Question:How would you describe your spouse's or partner's overall mental or emotional health at the present time?

ValueLabelFrequency
1EXCELLENT1378
2VERY GOOD1715
3GOOD1042
4FAIR401
5POOR102
7DONT KNOW 0
8REFUSED/MISSING43
9INAPP1644
Range of valid values: 1 - 5
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
4638247015
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1.


A1SP31
S/P wk for pay now

Question:Is your spouse or partner currently working for pay, either full-time or part-time?

ValueLabelFrequency
1YES3125
2NO1287
7DONT KNOW 0
8REFUSED/MISSING269
9INAPP1644
Range of valid values: 1 - 2
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
4412269612
Forward:IF a1sp31 = NO, GO TO a1sq1.
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1.


A1SP32
Hrs/wk S/P wk at main job

Question:About how many hours does your spouse or partner work for pay in an average week on his or her main job?

Range of valid values: 0 - 144
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMaxMeanStdDev
32543854014438.97913.341
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1; IF a1sp31 = NO.


A1SP33
Hrs/wk S/P wk at oth job

Question:In an average week, about how many hours does your spouse or partner work for pay at any other jobs?

Range of valid values: 0 - 70
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMaxMeanStdDev
323238760701.5515.661
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1; IF a1sp31 = NO.


A1SP34A
S/P work days

Question:In an average week, how often does your spouse or partner work - DAYS--ANY TIME BETWEEN 7:00AM AND 5:00PM?

ValueLabelFrequency
14 OR MORE TIMES PER WEEK2668
22 TO 3 TIMES PER WEEK311
3ONCE A WEEK66
41 TO 3 TIMES PER WEEK49
5LESS THAN ONCE A MONTH OR NEVER150
7DONT KNOW 0
8REFUSED/MISSING150
9INAPP2931
Range of valid values: 1 - 5
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
3244386415
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1; IF a1sp31 = NO.


A1SP34B
S/P work evenings

Question:In an average week, how often does your spouse or partner work - EVENINGS--ANY TIME BETWEEN 7:30PM AND 9:30PM?

ValueLabelFrequency
14 OR MORE TIMES PER WEEK274
22 TO 3 TIMES PER WEEK478
3ONCE A WEEK281
41 TO 3 TIMES PER WEEK389
5LESS THAN ONCE A MONTH OR NEVER1701
7DONT KNOW 0
8REFUSED/MISSING271
9INAPP2931
Range of valid values: 1 - 5
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
3123398515
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1; IF a1sp31 = NO.


A1SP34C
S/P work nights

Question:In an average week, how often does your spouse or partner work - NIGHTS--ANY TIME BETWEEN 9:30PM AND 4:30AM, OR OVERNIGHT?

ValueLabelFrequency
14 OR MORE TIMES PER WEEK172
22 TO 3 TIMES PER WEEK129
3ONCE A WEEK79
41 TO 3 TIMES PER WEEK207
5LESS THAN ONCE A MONTH OR NEVER2483
7DONT KNOW 0
8REFUSED/MISSING324
9INAPP2931
Range of valid values: 1 - 5
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
3070403815
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1; IF a1sp31 = NO.


A1SP34D
S/P work weekends

Question:In an average week, how often does your spouse or partner work - WEEKENDS--ANY TIME SATURDAY OR SUNDAY? (WORKING BOTH DAYS COUNTS AS TWICE A WEEK)?

ValueLabelFrequency
14 OR MORE TIMES PER WEEK 0
22 TO 3 TIMES PER WEEK399
3ONCE A WEEK451
41 TO 3 TIMES PER WEEK847
5LESS THAN ONCE A MONTH OR NEVER1450
7DONT KNOW 0
8REFUSED/MISSING247
9INAPP2931
Range of valid values: 2 - 5
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
3147396125
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1; IF a1sp31 = NO.


A1SP35
S/P begin job (military time) (HHMM)

Question:At what time of day does he or she usually begin work at his or her main job?

Range of valid values: 0 - 2345
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMaxMeanStdDev
3101400702345856.186298.406
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1; IF a1sp31 = NO.


A1SP36
S/P end job (military time) (HHMM)

Question:At what time of day does he or she usually end work at his or her main job?

Range of valid values: 0 - 2330
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMaxMeanStdDev
30704038023301597.352351.632
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1; IF a1sp31 = NO.


A1SP37
# Minutes S/P commutes to work

Question:How long does it usually take your spouse or partner, round-trip, to get to and from work? (If he or she works at home, enter "0".)?

ValueLabelFrequency
996996 OR GREATER1
997DONT KNOW 0
998REFUSED/MISSING491
999INAPP2931
Range of valid values: 996 - 996
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
17107996996
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1; IF a1sp31 = NO.


A1SP38
Chance S/P keep cur job

Question:If your spouse or partner wanted to stay in his or her present job, what do you think the chances are that he or she could keep it for the next two years?

ValueLabelFrequency
1EXCELLENT2216
2VERY GOOD619
3GOOD272
4FAIR109
5POOR71
7DONT KNOW 0
8REFUSED/MISSING107
9INAPP2931
Range of valid values: 1 - 5
Summary:
ValidInvalidMinMax
3287382115
Backward:IF skip_sp1 = 1; IF a1sp31 = NO.


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